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Construct Your Personal ChatGPT Clone with React and the OpenAI API — SitePoint | The Global Today

On this tutorial, we’ll stroll by means of how you can construct a customized Chatbot utility that can permit us to ask questions and obtain high-quality solutions. The bot will bear in mind earlier prompts, simulating context-aware dialog.

Chatbots have grow to be indispensable instruments for companies and builders searching for to enhance buyer interactions and streamline person experiences in as we speak’s quickly evolving digital panorama.

OpenAI’s ChatGPT has remodeled from a cutting-edge experiment right into a powerhouse in chatbot growth. Its meteoric rise to success is nothing in need of exceptional, charming customers worldwide.

The demo code of this mission is offered on CodeSandbox. You’ll have to supply your individual OpenAI API key within the .env file to check it dwell. To get one, create an account on the OpenAI, log in, navigate to the API keys and generate a brand new API key.

Desk of Contents

Planning Options and UI

Our utility might be based mostly on React, and we’ll use OpenAI API to entry the info and use CSS modules for styling.

Using React will permit us to create a dynamic and responsive person interface, enhancing the general person expertise.

The OpenAI API will allow us to achieve entry to superior language processing capabilities, offering information for creating insightful interactions.

Moreover, CSS modules will permit us to take care of a modular design, facilitating environment friendly growth and customization of the app.

The options we’ll be implementing embody:

  • A delegated enter space the place customers will be capable to craft prompts, inviting contextually related inquiries.
  • A Submit button that can permit customers to submit their prompts to the API, initiating the dialog course of.
  • Message gadgets that might be showcased as chat-style messages inside the dialog window, enhancing the interactive chat expertise.
  • Message gadgets to show ChatGPT replies that can present a conversational stream.
  • A Historical past function that can checklist all the person’s current prompts. This may also permit customers to revisit earlier conversations.
  • A Clear button that can permit the removing of generated content material, providing a clear slate for brand new conversations.

The picture beneath reveals our component-based wireframe.

A wireframe of the app's interface

The entire utility might be wrapped in the primary container, which is able to maintain all the components collectively. Will probably be additional divided right into a two-column structure.

The primary column will embody all the messages from the person and ChatGPT. On the backside of the column, there might be an enter space and a button for submitting the immediate.

The second column will maintain the historical past of all the current prompts. On the backside of the column, there might be a Clear button that can permit the person to wipe the generated content material.

Choosing a Shade Scheme

The appliance design will prioritize the convenience of content material notion. This can permit us to supply a few essential advantages:

  • Customers will be capable to rapidly comprehend the introduced data, resulting in a extra intuitive and user-friendly expertise.
  • It should additionally improve accessibility, guaranteeing that people of various backgrounds and skills will be capable to simply navigate and interact with the content material.

The picture beneath reveals our colour scheme.

Our five-color scheme: black, dark gray, lime-green, peach and white

The background of the appliance might be black, whereas the messages, historical past gadgets, and enter kind might be darkish grey.

The textual content on the messages and enter backgrounds might be white, offering a pleasant distinction and make textual content simple to learn.

To offer the app some highlights, the column titles, Submit button, and response message avatars will use a brilliant, lime-green tone.

To accent the Clear button, a light purple tone might be used. This may also assist customers keep away from clicking the button by accident.

Setting Up the React App

We’ll use create-react-app to create our utility. Run npx create-react-app react-chatgpt to create a brand new React mission.

Anticipate a minute for the setup to finish, after which change the working listing to the newly created folder by cd react-chatgpt and run npm begin to begin the developer server.

This could open up our mission in our default browser. If not, navigate to to open it manually. We must be introduced with the React welcome display screen, as pictured beneath.

React welcome screen

Including International Types

We’ll add international styling to determine a constant and unified visible look throughout all parts of the appliance.

Open index.css and embody the next styling guidelines:

@import url("");

  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: "Varela Spherical", sans-serif;

  background-color: #121212;

First, we import the Varela Round font and set the entire app to make use of it.

We additionally take away any pre-defined margins and paddings, in addition to set box-sizing to border-box so the app appears the identical on completely different browsers.

Lastly, we set the background of the physique to a darkish tone, which permits us to spotlight the content material of the appliance.

We’ll want a few avatars to characterize the authors of the messages from the person and OpenAI API. This fashion, they’ll be simpler to tell apart.

Create a brand new icons folder contained in the src listing and embody the bot.png and person.png icons.

You possibly can obtain samples from icons listing here, or you need to use customized ones from websites like FlatIcon or Icons8, so long as you retain the above file names.

Constructing the Parts

First, we’d like a well-organized file construction that matches the wireframe design.

We’ll use the terminal to create the mandatory folder and part recordsdata. Every part may have its personal JavaScript file for performance and CSS file for styling.

Change the working listing within the src folder by working cd src after which run the next command:

mkdir parts && cd parts && contact Message.js Message.module.css Enter.js Enter.module.css Historical past.js Historical past.module.css Clear.js Clear.module.css

The command above will first create a /parts/ folder, then change the working listing to it, and create all the mandatory recordsdata inside it.

The Message part

The Message part will show person prompts and API responses inside the dialog, facilitating the real-time change of data between the person and the chatbot.

Open the Message.js file and embody the next code:

import bot from "../icons/bot.png";
import person from "../icons/person.png";

import types from "./Message.module.css";

export default perform Message( function, content material ) 
  return (
    <div className=types.wrapper>
          src=function === "assistant" ? bot : person
          alt="profile avatar"
        <p>content material</p>

First, we import the downloaded icons for avatars after which import the exterior CSS guidelines for styling.

After that, we create the wrapper for the Message part, which is able to include each icons and textual content content material.

We use the function prop within the conditional to show the suitable avatar because the picture src.

We additionally use the content material prop, which might be handed in because the textual content response from the OpenAI API and person enter immediate.

Now let’s fashion the part so it appears like a chat message! Open the Message.module.css file and embody the next guidelines:

  show: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 60px auto;
  min-height: 60px;
  padding: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  border-radius: 10px;
  background-color: #1b1b1d;

  width: 40px;
  top: 40px;

We divide the structure into two columns, with the avatars proven within the fixed-width container on the precise and the textual content on the left.

Subsequent, we add some padding and margin to the underside of the message. We additionally fashion the message to have spherical borders and set the background to darkish grey.

Lastly, we set the avatar icon to a set width and top.

The Enter part

The Enter part might be an interface aspect designed to seize person queries, serving because the means by means of which customers work together and interact with the chatbot.

Open the Enter.js file and embody the next code:

import types from "./Enter.module.css";

export default perform Enter( worth, onChange, onClick ) 
  return (
    <div className=types.wrapper>
        className=types.textual content
        placeholder="Your immediate right here..."
      <button className=types.btn onClick=onClick>

We first import the exterior stylesheet to fashion the part.

We return the part wrapper that features the enter area for the person prompts and the button to submit it to the API.

We set the placeholder worth to be displayed when the enter kind is empty, and create the worth prop to carry the entered immediate, in addition to the onChange prop that might be referred to as as soon as the enter worth adjustments.

For the button, the onClick prop might be referred to as as soon as the person clicks on the button.

Now let’s fashion the part in order that the enter space appears lovely and the person is inspired to supply prompts! Open the Enter.module.css file and embody the next guidelines:

  show: grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto 100px;
  top: 60px;
  border-radius: 10px;
  background-color: #323236;

.textual content 
  border: none;
  define: none;
  background: none;
  padding: 20px;
  colour: white;
  font-size: 16px;

  border: none;
  border-radius: 0 10px 10px 0;
  font-size: 16px;
  font-weight: daring;
  background-color: rgb(218, 255, 170);

  cursor: pointer;
  background-color: rgb(200, 253, 130);

We set the wrapper to be divided into two columns, with a set width for the button and the remainder of the accessible width devoted to the enter space.

We additionally outline the particular top of the part, set the rounded borders for it, and set the background to darkish grey.

For the enter space, we take away the default border, define, background and add some padding. We set the textual content colour to white and set a selected font dimension.

The Historical past part

The Historical past part will show the sequence of previous person and chatbot interactions, offering customers with a contextual reference of their dialog.

Open the Historical past.js file and embody the next code:

import types from "./Historical past.module.css";

export default perform Historical past( query, onClick ) 
  return (
    <div className=types.wrapper onClick=onClick>
      <p>query.substring(0, 15)...</p>

We first import the exterior fashion guidelines for the part. Then we return the wrapper that can embody the textual content.

The textual content worth might be handed in as a query prop from the person immediate, and solely the primary 15 characters of the textual content string might be displayed.

Customers might be allowed to click on on the historical past gadgets, and we’ll go the onClick prop to regulate the press conduct.

Now let’s fashion the part to make sure it’s visually interesting and matches properly within the sidebar! Open the Historical past.module.css file and embody the next guidelines:

  padding: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  border-radius: 10px;
  background-color: #1b1b1d;

  cursor: pointer;
  background-color: #323236;

We set some padding, add the margin to the underside, and set the rounded corners for the historical past gadgets. We additionally set the background colour to darkish grey.

As soon as the person hovers over the merchandise, the cursor will change to a pointer and the background colour will change to a lighter shade of grey.

The Clear part

The Clear part might be a UI aspect designed to reset or clear the continuing dialog, offering customers with a fast strategy to begin a brand new interplay with out navigating away from the present interface.

Open the Clear.js file and embody the next code:

import types from "./Clear.module.css";

export default perform Clear( onClick ) 
  return (
    <button className=types.wrapper onClick=onClick>

We first import the exterior stylesheet to fashion the part.

We return the button that can permit customers to clear the content material of the appliance. We’ll go the onClick prop to attain the specified conduct.

Now let’s fashion the part to make it stand out and scale back the possibilities of customers urgent it by accident! Open the Clear.module.css file and embody the next guidelines:

  width: 100%;
  top: 60px;
  background-color: #ff9d84;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 10px;
  font-size: 16px;
  font-weight: daring;

  cursor: pointer;
  background-color: #ff886b;

We set the button to fill the accessible width of the column, set the particular top, and set the background colour to delicate purple.

We additionally take away the default border, set the rounded corners, set a selected font dimension, and make it daring.

On hover, the cursor will change to a pointer and the background colour will change to a darker shade of purple.

Constructing the Person Interface

Within the earlier part, we constructed all the obligatory parts. Now let’s put them collectively and construct the person interface for the appliance.

We’ll configure their performance to create a useful and interactive chatbot interface with organized and reusable code.

Open the App.js file and embody the next code:

import  useState  from "react";

import Message from "./parts/Message";
import Enter from "./parts/Enter";
import Historical past from "./parts/Historical past";
import Clear from "./parts/Clear";

import "./types.css";

export default perform App() {
  const [input, setInput] = useState("");
  const [messages, setMessages] = useState([]);
  const [history, setHistory] = useState([]);

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <div className="Column">
        <h3 className="Title">Chat Messages</h3>
        <div className="Content material">
, i) => 
            return <Message key=i function=el.function content material=el.content material />;
          onChange=(e) => setInput(e.goal.worth)
          onClick=enter ? handleSubmit : undefined
      <div className="Column">
        <h3 className="Title">Historical past</h3>
        <div className="Content material">
          historical, i) => 
            return (
              <Historical past
                onClick=() =>
                     role: "user", content: history[i].query ,
                     function: "assistant", content material: historical past[i].reply ,
        <Clear onClick=clear />

First, we import the useState hook that we’ll use to trace the info state for the appliance. Then we import all of the parts we constructed and the exterior stylesheet for styling.

Then we create the enter state variable to retailer the person immediate enter, messages to retailer the dialog between the person and ChatGPT, and historical past to retailer the historical past of person prompts.

We additionally create the primary wrapper for the entire app that can maintain two columns.

Every column may have a title and content material wrapper that can embody the dialog messages, enter space, and Submit button for the primary column and historical past gadgets and the Clear button for the second column.

The dialog messages might be generated by mapping by means of the messages state variable and the historical past gadgets — by mapping by means of the historical past state variable.

We set the enter onChange prop to replace the enter state variable every time person enters any worth within the enter kind.

As soon as the person clicks the Ship button, the person immediate might be despatched to the OpenAI API to course of and obtain the reply.

For the historical past gadgets, we set the onClick prop in order that the messages state variable will get up to date to the particular immediate and reply.

Lastly, for the Clear button, we go the onClick prop a perform that can clear each the message and historical past values, clearing the appliance information.

Creating the App Structure

On this part, we’ll organize the person interface parts to create an intuitive construction for efficient person interplay.

Open App.css and embody the next styling guidelines:

  show: grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto 200px;
  hole: 20px;
  max-width: 1000px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  min-height: 100vh;
  padding: 20px;

  colour: white;

  padding: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  border-radius: 10px;
  colour: black;
  background-color: rgb(218, 255, 170);

.Content material 
  top: calc(100vh - 200px);
  overflow-y: scroll;
  margin-bottom: 20px;

  show: none;

We break up the primary app wrapper into two columns, separated by a spot by utilizing CSS grid structure, and we set the left column for historical past gadgets to a set width.

Subsequent, we set the wrapper to by no means exceed a sure width, middle it on the display screen, make it use all the display screen viewport top, and add some padding inside it.

For every column’s contents, we set the textual content colour to white.

For the column titles, we set some padding, add the underside margin, and set the rounded corners. We additionally set the title aspect background colour to lime-green and set the textual content colour to black.

We additionally fashion the columns themselves by setting the rule that the content material shouldn’t exceed a sure top and set the content material to be scrollable if it reaches outdoors the peak. We additionally add a margin to the underside.

We additionally disguise the scrollbars, in order that we don’t need to fashion them to override the default values for every browser. This rule is optionally available and we might go away it out.

Getting the API Key from OpenAI

In the event you haven’t already arrange your individual API key for the Sandbox within the introduction of this tutorial, ensure that to create an account on the OpenAI web site.

Subsequent, log in and navigate to the API keys and generate a brand new API key.

setting up an api key

Copy the important thing to the clipboard and open your mission.

Create a brand new .env file in your mission root and paste the worth for the next key like so:


Making ready the Request Name to OpenAI API

By the OpenAI API, our chatbot will be capable to ship textual prompts to the OpenAI server, which is able to then course of the enter and generate human-like responses.

That is achieved by leveraging a strong language mannequin that’s been skilled on numerous textual content sources. By offering the mannequin with a dialog historical past and the present person immediate, our chatbot will obtain context-aware responses from the API.

On this part, we’ll put together the request and implement the decision to the API to obtain the response and set the info to the state variable we outlined earlier.

Open the App.js once more and add the next code:

export default perform App() {

  const handleSubmit = async () => 
    const immediate = 
      function: "person",
      content material: enter,

    setMessages([...messages, prompt]);

    await fetch("", 
      methodology: "POST",
        Authorization: `Bearer $course of.env.REACT_APP_OPENAI_API_KEY`,
        "Content material-Kind": "utility/json",
      physique: JSON.stringify(
        mannequin: "gpt-3.5-turbo",
        messages: [...messages, prompt],
      .then((information) => information.json())
      .then((information) => 
        const res = information.decisions[0].message.content material;
        setMessages((messages) => [
            role: "assistant",
            content: res,
        setHistory((historical past) => [...history,  question: input, answer: res ]);

  const clear = () => 

  return <div className="App">

First, we create a separate handleSubmit perform, which might be executed as soon as the person has entered the immediate within the enter kind and clicks the Submit button.

Inside handleSubmit, we first create the immediate variable that can maintain the function person and the immediate itself as an object. The function is essential as a result of, when storing our messages, we’ll must know which of them are person messages.

Then we replace the messages state variable with the person immediate.

Subsequent, we make an precise fetch name to the endpoint to entry the info from the OpenAI API.

We specify that it’s a POST request, and set the headers with the authorization token and the content material sort. For the physique parameters, we specify which API mannequin to make use of, and we go the messages variable because the content material from the person.

As soon as the response is obtained, we retailer it within the res variable. We add the item consisting of the function assistant and the response itself to the message state variable.

We additionally replace the historical past state variable with the item, with the query and corresponding reply because the keys.

After the response is obtained and state variables are up to date, we clear the enter state variable to arrange the enter kind for the subsequent person immediate.

Lastly, we create a easy clear perform to clear the messages and historical past state variables, permitting the person to clear the info of the appliance.

Testing the Software

At this level, we should always have created a totally useful chat utility! The very last thing left to do is to check it.

First, let’s attempt to ask ChatGPT a single query.

A question asked via our new app

The animation above reveals a query being submitted and a solution being obtained.

Now let’s attempt to create a dialog.

Submitting multiple questions

As proven within the animation above, the chatbot remembers the context from the earlier messages, so we will converse with it whereas being absolutely context-aware.

Now let’s see what occurs as soon as we click on on the Historical past button.

Clicking on the History button

Discover how the chat switches to the respective person immediate and reply. This may very well be helpful if we need to resume the dialog from a selected level.

Lastly, let’s click on on the Clear button.

Clicking on the Clear button

As anticipated, the contents of the app are cleared. This can be a helpful choice when there’s quite a lot of content material and the person desires to begin recent.


On this tutorial, we’ve discovered how you can create an easy-to-use person interface, how you can construction our code through parts, how you can work with states, how you can make API calls, and how you can course of the obtained information.

With the mixture of superior pure language processing capabilities of the OpenIAI API and the pliability of React, you’ll now be capable to create refined chatbot purposes you can customise additional to your liking.

Discover that this tutorial shops the API key on the frontend, which could not be safe for manufacturing. If you wish to deploy the mission, it will be advisable to create an Express server and use the API key there.

Additionally, if you’d like the historical past prompts to be accessible after the subsequent preliminary launch, you would retailer after which learn them from native storage, and even join a database to your app and retailer and browse information from there.

#Construct #ChatGPT #Clone #React #OpenAI #API #SitePoint



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