Casa Batlló is likely one of the most iconic buildings in Barcelona, situated on the
well-known Passeig de Gràcia avenue. Designed by the good architect Antoni
Gaudí, Casa Batlló is a masterpiece of Modernist structure and one of many
highlights of Barcelona for each locals and guests.
The Historical past of Casa Batlló
The constructing was initially constructed in 1877 by Emilio Sala Cortés as a
standard home within the Eixample district. In 1904, Josep Batlló i
Casanovas, a rich textile industrialist, acquired the property and
commissioned Gaudí to fully rework and redesign the constructing. Gaudí
labored on Casa Batlló from 1904 to 1906, fully remodeling it into the
astonishing constructing we see as we speak.
Gaudí aimed to keep away from straight strains and conventional architectural options.
He redesigned the interior partitions, changed the flooring, staircases and
courtyard, and put in lifts to provide the constructing a brand new facade and roof. The
outcome was a captivating riot of colours, textures, and varieties that represented
Gaudí’s distinctive imaginative and prescient and expertise.
Casa Batlló has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Website, together with
a number of different Gaudí works in Barcelona. It’s now open to the general public as a
museum and receives over 1 million guests per 12 months who come to admire
Gaudí’s imaginative designs.
The Exterior Facade
The facade of Casa Batlló is one in every of its most eye-catching parts. It
contains a placing mosaic ornament utilizing ‘trencadís’ – damaged ceramic
items in inexperienced, blue and orange which Gaudí obtained from waste scraps from a
tile manufacturing facility. The tiles glitter within the solar and evoke the scales of a legendary
creature. The constructing has been nicknamed “Casa del Drac” (Home of the
Dragon) due to its reptilian look.
The balconies on the facade resemble carnival masks with its irregular oval
openings for eyes and buttons and bones formed in wrought ironwork. The graceful
curves are harking back to water lilies. In the meantime, the arched roof is likened
to the backbone of a dragon. Gaudí used typical Modernist decorative parts however
subverted structural logic to create an oneiric, fantasy-like impact.
At road degree, the constructing seems to be supported by columns that twist as
they descend and fan out to anchor the construction. This was an revolutionary
strategy by Gaudí to plot new architectural varieties and make higher use of
The Loft and Noble Flooring
Coming into Casa Batlló, guests are greeted by the constructing’s well-known central
skylight staircase, filling the area with pure mild. The grand noble
ground was designed for receptions and events by the Batlló household.
Right here one finds the principle corridor with home windows overlooking Passeig de Gràcia. The
wood coffered ceiling resembles the ribcage of an animal. The doorways are
adorned with bone-shaped handles. Numerous salons lead off the principle corridor, all
that includes Gaudí’s signature curves and intelligent use of sunshine and area.
The loft beneath the attic roof was initially a service space for the constructing
residents however now homes the museum exhibition. It shows furnishings designed
by Gaudí for Casa Batlló and explains his architectural strategy. The loft has
a peaceable, reflective ambiance with its diminished palette of white and grey.
The Noble Flooring and Courtyard
Beneath the principle ground, the noble ground accommodates the grand rooms utilized by the
Batlló household. The ceilings are spectacular vaulted arches with round
apertures that create intriguing mild patterns.
The wood doorways had been designed by Gaudí and crafted by cabinetmaker Eudald
Puntí. Each is exclusive with completely different decorative motifs. The handles are
additionally Gaudí’s design in varied ergonomic shapes for ease of use.
The central patio gives air flow and pure mild contained in the constructing.
Gaudí changed the prevailing courtyard along with his signature catenary arches in
brick, topped by a hyperbolic paraboloid roof – one of many few straight strains
in Casa Batlló!
The Roof Terrace
One in every of Casa Batlló’s most spectacular parts is its roof coated in mosaics
making a coloration explosion. The roof terrace provides spectacular 360 diploma
panoramic views over Barcelona. Twenty-six completely different constructions rise from the
roof, resembling chimneys or medieval warriors carrying helmets in keeping with
completely different interpretations.
The centerpiece is the tower topped with a four-armed cross, the image of
Barcelona. Gaudí included allegorical and heraldic parts representing
Saint George and the Catalan flag into his design. Mosaic tiles in inexperienced,
brown and yellow distinction with the brilliant blue of the Catalan sky.
A function distinctive to Casa Batlló is the stone water drainage system shaped of
conduits following the form of the roof that Gaudí created. It demonstrates
his consideration to useful particulars in addition to aesthetics in his visionary
Gaudí’s Imaginative and prescient and Methods
Casa Batlló demonstrates Gaudí’s masterful skill to innovatively
re-conceptualize architectural area. Gaudí was given full freedom by
patron Josep Batlló to revamp the constructing as he noticed match. He centered on
eliminating straight strains and planes and creating dynamic, twisting varieties
resembling shapes present in nature.
Gaudí used advanced modeling methods together with plaster, cardboard, ropes and
weights to design organically formed partitions, ceilings, doorways and home windows. These
varieties allowed him to carry mild deep into the internal areas of the constructing in
revolutionary methods. He additionally included symbolism from native historical past and
Casa Batlló highlights Gaudí’s genius in using superior craftsmanship and
structural engineering to understand his inventive imaginative and prescient. The decrease flooring
required bolstered stone partitions to help the open-planned loft area. The
inside patio created a lightweight nicely that ventilated and illuminated all the
Gaudí was deeply educated about conventional architectural strategies of
brick vaults and Catalan vaults. At Casa Batlló, he demonstrated his
creativity by producing new variations just like the hyperboloid and parabolic vaults
that curve in novel, unconstructed varieties.
Antoni Gaudí was a pioneer in using new supplies and methods in
structure. His work at Casa Batlló showcases a few of his most revolutionary
One in every of Gaudí’s signature methods is using trencadís, a sort of
mosaic constituted of damaged items of ceramic, glass, or stone. This system
might be seen on the façade of Casa Batlló, the place Gaudí used colourful ceramic
shards to create a vibrant and textured floor. Using trencadís
allowed Gaudí to attain advanced and complex patterns, including depth and
visible curiosity to his designs.
Gaudí was closely influenced by nature, and that is evident within the natural
shapes and varieties discovered all through Casa Batlló. The undulating façade, the
curved balconies, and the fluid strains of the inside areas all mirror
Gaudí’s fascination with the pure world. By incorporating these natural
shapes into his designs, Gaudí created a way of concord and unity between
the constructing and its environment.
Gaudí was additionally a pioneer in using revolutionary structural methods. In
Casa Batlló, he employed using catenary arches within the attic, which
allowed for a extra open and versatile area. These arches, impressed by the
form of a dangling chain, distribute weight evenly and supply glorious
UNESCO World Heritage Website
In 2005, Casa Batlló was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Website,
recognizing it as a masterpiece of human artistic genius. UNESCO declared it
“an impressive instance of Antoni Gaudi’s architectural work which introduced
revolutionary options to structural design and representational
UNESCO additionally highlighted Gaudi’s technical improvements in Casa Batlló: “The
structural options provided by Gaudi had been unconventional, with a profound
understanding of constructions grounded on cautious evaluation and impressed by
pure objects and organisms.”
As a World Heritage Website, Casa Batlló has enhanced safety to take care of
its distinctive heritage and excellent worth for future generations. Guests
are additionally educated about its cultural significance.
Visiting Casa Batlló
No journey to Barcelona is full with out visiting the spectacular Casa
Batlló, a spotlight of the town’s architectural treasures. Tickets might be
online in advance
or on the ticket workplace on web site.
Casa Batlló is open each day from 9am to 9pm. A normal ticket permits
entry to the principle ground, loft, roof, courtyard and exhibition area. Audio
guides can be found for an enhanced expertise studying in regards to the historical past
and particulars of this Barcelona icon. Images is permitted (with out
For these brief on time, a fast-track ticket permits direct entry to the
roof terrace through a separate entrance to marvel on the mosaics. Mixed
tickets with different Barcelona sights just like the close by Casa Mila are additionally
Visiting Casa Batlló is a chance to face inside a surreal, dreamlike
architectural sculpture delivered to life. It stays a testomony to Gaudí’s
unparalleled creativity and imaginative and prescient that continues to astonish all who view
Casa Batlló, probably the most iconic buildings in Barcelona, is a masterpiece
of the famend architect Antoni Gaudí. Positioned within the coronary heart of the town on
Passeig de Gràcia, this architectural gem is a must-visit for anybody
keen on Gaudí’s work and the Modernisme motion. On this article, we
will delve into the historical past of Casa Batlló, discover its distinctive architectural
options, and study Gaudí’s revolutionary methods that make this
constructing a real murals.
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