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Oil large led by COP28 boss to spend an ‘eyewatering’ $1 billion a month on fossil fuels this decade, World Witness says | The Global Today

Sultan Al Jaber, chief govt of the UAE’s Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Firm (ADNOC) and president of this 12 months’s COP28 local weather summit gestures throughout an interview as a part of the seventh Ministerial on Local weather Motion (MoCA) in Brussels on July 13, 2023.

Francois Walschaerts | Afp | Getty Pictures

UAE oil large ADNOC — run by the president of the COP28 local weather convention — is anticipated to spend greater than $1 billion each month this decade on fossil fuels, in keeping with new evaluation by worldwide NGO World Witness.

That is practically seven instances increased than its dedication to decarbonization initiatives over the identical timeframe, the analysis says.

ADNOC, which just lately grew to become the primary amongst its friends to deliver ahead its net-zero ambition to 2045, disputes World Witness’ evaluation and says the assumptions made are inaccurate.

It comes forward of the COP28 local weather summit, with Dubai set to host the U.N.’s annual convention from Nov. 30 by way of to Dec. 12. Considered as one of the crucial important local weather conferences since 2015’s landmark Paris Settlement, COP28 will see international leaders collect to debate find out how to progress within the combat in opposition to the local weather disaster.

The individual overseeing the talks, Sultan al-Jaber, is chief govt of ADNOC (the Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Firm) — one of many world’s largest oil and fuel companies. His place as each COP28 president and ADNOC CEO prompted dismay amongst civil society teams and U.S. and EU lawmakers, though a number of authorities ministers have since defended his appointment.

World Witness’ evaluation, offered completely to CNBC, discovered that ADNOC is planning to spend a mean of $1.14 billion a month on oil and fuel manufacturing alone between now and 2030 — the identical 12 months during which the U.N. says the world should lower emissions by 45% to keep away from international disaster.

It signifies that ADNOC is forecast to spend practically seven instances extra on fossil fuels by way of to 2030 than it does on “low-carbon answer” initiatives.

By 2050, the 12 months during which the U.N. says your entire world economic system should obtain net-zero emissions, ADNOC is projected to have invested $387 billion in oil and fuel. The burning of fossil fuels is the chief driver of the local weather emergency.

A spokesperson at ADNOC informed CNBC through e mail: “The evaluation of, and assumptions made, concerning ADNOC’s capital expenditure program past the corporate’s present five-year marketing strategy (2023 to 2027) are speculative and subsequently incorrect.”

The Abu Dhabi vitality group announced in January this 12 months that it could allocate $15 billion for funding in “low-carbon options” by 2030, together with investments in clear energy, carbon seize and storage and electrification initiatives.

Excessive-rise tower buildings alongside the central Sheikh Zayed Highway in Dubai on July 3, 2023.

Karim Sahib | Afp | Getty Pictures

World Witness arrived at its projections by analyzing ADNOC’s forecasted oil and fuel capital expenditure, exploratory capital expenditure and operational expenditure for the interval from 2023 to 2050. The info was sourced from Rystad Power’s UCube database.

Rystad’s information isn’t accessible to the general public, however is broadly used and referenced by main oil and fuel corporations and worldwide our bodies.

“Fossil fuels corporations wish to burnish their inexperienced credentials, but they not often say the quiet half out loud: that they proceed to throw eyewatering quantities on the usual polluting oil and fuel that’s accelerating the local weather disaster,” mentioned Patrick Galey, senior investigator at World Witness.

“How [al-Jaber] can anticipate to lecture different nations on the necessity to decarbonise and be taken severely is anybody’s guess, whereas he continues to offer vastly extra funding to grease and fuel than to renewable options,” he added.

“He’s a fossil gasoline boss, plain and easy, saying one factor whereas his firm does the opposite,” Galey mentioned.

The United Nations Framework Conference on Local weather Change didn’t instantly reply to a request for touch upon the evaluation carried out by World Witness. The Convention of the Events (COP) is the supreme decision-making physique of the UNFCCC.

Important precedence for COP28

Al-Jaber was the founding CEO of Abu Dhabi state-owned renewable vitality agency Masdar, which works in additional than 40 international locations worldwide and has invested in or dedicated to put money into renewable vitality initiatives with a complete worth of over $30 billion.

Talking earlier this 12 months, al-Jaber said the principle precedence for the COP28 summit will likely be to maintain alive the combat to restrict international heating to 1.5 levels Celsius.

The Paris Settlement goals to restrict the rise within the international common temperature to “properly under” 2 levels Celsius above pre-industrial ranges and to pursue efforts to restrict international heating to 1.5 levels Celsius. Past the crucial temperature threshold of 1.5 levels Celsius, it turns into extra possible that small modifications can set off dramatic shifts in Earth’s complete life assist system.

The Worldwide Power Company says no new oil, fuel or coal improvement is suitable with the objective of curbing international heating to 1.5 levels Celsius.

In response to a request for remark from CNBC, an ADNOC spokesperson mentioned that vitality demand is rising because the world’s inhabitants is increasing. “All the present vitality transition eventualities, together with by the IEA, present that some degree of oil and fuel will likely be wanted into the long run,” the spokesperson mentioned.

“As such, it can be crucial that, along with accelerating investments in renewables and decrease carbon vitality options, we contemplate the least carbon intensive sources of oil and fuel and additional cut back their depth to allow a good, equitable, orderly, and accountable vitality transition. That is the strategy ADNOC is taking,” they added.

The spokesperson mentioned its 2022 upstream emissions information confirmed the vitality group as one of many least carbon-intensive producers worldwide. The corporate will search to additional cut back its carbon depth by 25% and goal close to zero methane emissions by 2030, they added.

“As we cut back our emissions, we’re additionally ramping up investments in renewables and nil carbon energies like hydrogen for our prospects,” the spokesperson mentioned.

A separate report published in April final 12 months by World Witness and Oil Change Worldwide discovered that 20 of the world’s greatest oil and fuel corporations have been projected to spend $932 billion by the top of the last decade to develop new oil and fuel fields.

At the moment, Russian state firm Gazprom was estimated to spend essentially the most on fossil gasoline improvement and exploration initiatives by way of to 2030 ($139 billion), adopted by U.S. oil majors ExxonMobil ($84 billion) and Chevron ($67 billion).

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